How to Maintain Your Pond and Water Vegetation

With the huge amount of products seen around our water gardens, things can become pretty overwhelming for us all when working on our gardening efforts. Should we end up adding so many chemicals to our ponds on a weekly basis? What should we do to maintain our pond? There are no ideal answers that suit every koi pond and water garden, but there are some basics you will need to keep in mind if you want to take good care of the pond to begin with. This landscaping project is not a cheap one so be careful when taking care of your pond. Each pond will have different needs, so let’s point out what comes next:

  • Aeration

    Aerating your pond will provide you with a lot of benefits. Your well aerated pond will have much less algae growing all around. It will also help reduce the odours caused by the anaerobic conditions too. There are many ways you can do this. Commonly used floating fountains or waterfalls will help provide better aeration as well. However to really maximise aeration you will need a lake bed aerator to do that. As the name implies this is used to aerate the bottom of a lake, operating with an air compressor on the bottom of the pond, pushing air to the diffusers at the bottom. When the air column rises it will increase the dissolved oxygen levels in the water and will disrupt stratification too. Stratification happens when deep waters are undisturbed for long, greatly lacking in oxygen levels. If you have ever swum in a lake, then you have likely noticed areas that area colder than others. This is the thermocline and whenever it is broken the toxins are released, ending up in massive fish deaths.
  • Bacterial treatment

    Natural bacteria contained in some products will be extremely beneficial to your gardening needs. The bacteria will break down the muck and sludge at the bottom and will produce a nutrient load in the water, eventually reducing aquatic weeds and algae. Reduced sludge levels will quickly improve the water quality of your pond. The bacteria will also reduce the potential odours from the pond as well. Aerobic bacteria will have their effectiveness limited in a non-aerated pond.
  • Phytofiltration

    This is a natural plant filtration used to remove nutrients from water. There are lots of ways you can do this by adding plant life to the bottom of an earth pond. The use of floating islands will help allow the easier control of the growth and will utilise more nutrients than the plants placed into soil. Hibiscus is a good example of that as it will be great at lowering the nutrients in the water. There are many other plants you can sue to reduce the nutrients and to improve the beauty of your water features outside of your gardening and landscaping efforts.
  • Remove dead foliage

    The leaves of nearby plants will turn brown and yellow as they age, then they will fall. It would be best to cut them off before this happens however, as increased debris buildup in the pond will provide more food for algae and worse. This will not improve the appearance of the pond.
  • Maximising aeration

    You can do this in many ways, for example warm water has less oxygen yet the fish inside will need more oxygen in warm water. If your pond has any fish, then you should run aeration 24/7. Aeration can be supplemented by using an air pump or additional pumps to help with the task.